||Megadyptes antipodes (large southern diver)
The yellow-eyed penguin is the only member of the genus Megadyptes and is
possibly the most ancient of all living penguins.
||65 to 85 cm
||5 to 8 kg
||Male and female are identical in colouring. Adult has pale
yellow eyes and a bright yellow band encircling the head. Juvenile lacks the yellow
headband and the eyes are grey.
||Small fish and squid. Daily journeys to feeding grounds
may take penguins up to 15 km from the shore and to depths of 100 m.
||Takes place in March and April and lasts 3-4 weeks.
Penguins are unable to go to sea to feed and may lose 3-4 kg in body weight.
||Females breed at 2 to 3 years of age, males breed at 3 to
5 years of age. Two greenish white eggs are laid, size 75 x 54 mm.
||up to 20 years.
||Recent population estimates have ranged between 900 and
1800 total breeding pairs. In 1990-91 the South Island estimate reached a low of 150
breeding pairs but by 1994-95 had increased to 420. This is not enough to support a long