PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT
CREATION AND CONCENTRATION OF NATURAL
The underlying reason behind
most environmental problems is the linear flow of matter
from mineral deposits, e.g. fossils, to the ecosystem in
combination with human technology, forming new - and for
the ecosystem - unknown molecules.
Since the earth is a limited
system that will not grow in mass, and since the second
law of thermodynamics tells us that everything will
spread out, the inevitable conclusion is that everything
that we dig up or synthesise, will in the end spread. Due
to the principle of matter conservation it will then
accumulate in the ecosystem in one form or another.
Five basic principles are:.
- Everything must be recycled
in harmony with nature's cyclic systems. Thus, in
the long term, the use of virgin materials
(including fossil-fuel deposits) from below the
surface of the earth must not exceed the very
slow process of redeposition in the ecosystem. In
practice, this requires a total ban on mining.
Otherwise there will be a continuing accumulation
of molecular waste in the biosphere.
- Prohibit production and use
of persistent, non-natural compounds. We know
from the slow process by which nature will break
them down or put them aside as deposits, that
these compounds will accumulate in the ecosystem
and sooner or later reach toxic levels.
- Preserve the physical
conditions of nature's diversity and capacity for
- Maintain a balance between
what we require from an ecosystem, and its
regenerative capacity. The turnover or metabolism
of matter in society must be managed and adapted
to the natural cyclic capacity.
- Reduce the use of energy to
a level where the ecosystem can process the
waste. This implies changing lifestyles in the
industrialised world; powerful measures to bring
population growth under control; and improving
economical conditions in poor countries.
These conditions will be
fulfilled when waste deposits cease to increase and when
the spread of harmful atomic and molecular wastes no
longer accumulate in the environment.