Some impacts of fishing on the environment"
I will consider the importance of bench marks of natural habitats, natural and anthropogenic disturbances, and the need for risk averse management. It has become very difficult to find meaningful representative examples of natural environments necessary to evaluate the many cumulative anthropogenic impacts necessary for management, research, and aesthetics. Biological communities have many adaptations that buffer against natural disturbances; I will discuss these for several marine communities and contrast the impacts of fishing. Finally I will discuss that much more conservative management is necessary if society is to have natural marine environments in the future.