Help PMA grow | Petition forms | Site map | PMA main page
NATO Bombing - International Court of Justice Proceedings
Peace Movement AotearoaPO Box 9314, Wellington. Tel (04) 382 8129, fax (04) 382 8173, email@example.com
Issued 3 May 1999
As you may be aware, the government of Yugoslavia has asked the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to hear cases against ten NATO governments with regard to the bombing of Yugoslavia on the grounds that it violates international law, in particular their obligations not to use force against another state. While US State Department spokesman James Rubin immediately dismissed the request as ‘absurd and frivolous’, the Court itself obviously believes there is a case to answer and will start hearing the proceedings on 10 May.
For more information on the details of the case (including the specifics of the Yugoslavian government’s case), go to the ICJ website http://www.icj-cij.org
After some consultation with peace people over the weekend, we have decided to issue this alert today for those of you who would like to send letters to the ICJ in support of the proceedings - guidelines of what your letter could include are written below, as are contact details for the ICJ, and excerpts from some of the relevant international documents.
We do not think that writing letters to the Court will necessarily influence the justices in their decision, however, it does seem important to have opposition to the NATO bombing recorded in as many official archives as possible, and it seems like a positive way to express your viewpoint.
Article 1 : The Parties undertake, as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, to settle any international dispute in which they may be involved by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered, and to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.”
CHAPTER I - Purposes and Principles Article 1 - The Purposes of the United Nations are: 1. To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace ...
Article 2 - The Organisation and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles.
1. The Organisation is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.
2. All Members, in order to ensure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfil in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter.
3. All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.
4. All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.
5. All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.
6. The Organisation shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles so far as may be necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.
7. Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorise the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter; but this principle shall not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under Chapter VII.”
To see the entire text of the UN Charter, see http://www.mfa.gov.tr:80/GRUPI/charter.htm.
Article 52 - General Protection of civilian objects
Return to PMA's Alert: Stop NATO bombing, Condemn NZ government support for the airstrikes!