Network Opposed to Weapons and Related Production

Profiting from bloodshed and war:
the ‘defence' industry and the companies involved

November 2003

The NZ Defence Industry Association's (NZDIA) 6th annual seminar 'Cooperation and Integration for a Sustainable Defence Industry' was held at Te Papa on 11 and 12 November 2003. It is the annual get together of the NZ companies involved in weapons or weapons components manufacture and export, or the provision of other products and services for military use; the NZ Ministry of Defence and armed forces representatives; and assorted overseas guests.

It is somewhat ironic that the organisers of the seminar chose to open it on Armistice Day - the anniversary of the end of "the war to end all wars". One wonders if any of the seminar participants, or any among those gathered to celebrate the industry ‘Awards for Excellence’ on the last night, considered their role in the sad fact that the promise of an end to war has never been realised.

This Update focuses on the 'defence' industry and some of the companies involved. It has five sections:

1. The NZDIA and the NZ 'defence' industry; 2. Companies sponsoring the 2003 NZDIA Seminar; 3. Companies which are NZDIA members; 4. Tait Electronics; and 5. Attendees at the 2002 NZDIA Seminar.

The NZDIA and the NZ 'defence' industry

Promoting a 'defence technologies' industry was part of NZ government strategy in the late 1980s to increase overseas earnings. They were keen to follow the Australian government's 'success' in developing an industry to produce a range of Australian-made military equipment including weapons systems, military and paramilitary vehicles, warships and submarines.

The NZ Defence Technologies Joint Action Group Inc (DTJAG) was one of several Joint Action Groups set up through Trade NZ in the early 1990s. Trade NZ's role included being "part of a wider government strategy to increase New Zealand's economic prosperity."

DTJAG (which later became New Zealand Defence Technologies Inc, then NZDIA) was set up to push for the involvement of NZ companies in the ANZAC frigate project, and to generally promote and expand the developing 'defence' industry.

In their efforts to lure overseas support for the NZ 'defence' industry, NZDIA happily describes the NZ economy thus: "Successive governments' economic strategies have enhanced New Zealand's ability to compete successfully in world markets. Far reaching and comprehensive economic reforms introduced in the mid-80s and maintained since, have delivered the framework for the economy's strong performance" ... "Key features of the reforms etc are: the Reserve Bank Act (the Bank's Governor has a contract with the Government to maintain inflation within a band of zero to three percent); the Fiscal Responsibility Act (the Government is obliged by law to publish financial statements similar to those of a listed company); encouraging competition by deregulation of the domestic economy, removal of subsidies, restructuring of the public sector, privatisation of State-owned Enterprises, trade liberalisation and financial deregulation; and the Employment Contracts Act which provides for flexible labour markets." (NZDIA web site, November 2003!)

There are currently around 500 companies included in the 'defence' industry and the NZDIA is their main lobby group. For more information see the NZDIA web site.

NZ 'defence' industry products range from clothes, through shoot-to-kill training and combat simulation equipment, to weapons firing control systems, grenades, and military training aircraft. Their services range from catering, through transport, IT and consulting services, to weapons storage and repair. 'Defence' related products also include the manufacture of non-military materials which are used for military purposes - for example, the ANZAC frigates project involved around 417 NZ companies making various bits and pieces, including furnishings and wiring, for the warships.

Most NZ 'defence' industry companies (local and multi-national) are involved in civilian, as well as military, manufacturing or service provision. Their civilian services include, in some cases, contracts and other involvement with educational institutions. The local companies are considered to be minor league when compared with overseas weapons manufacturers and military contractors. However, as you will see from the examples below, many are fully owned by, a subsidiary of, or linked by contract to some of the worst manufacturers and contractors around the globe.

No matter how small their contribution, NZ 'defence' industry companies are part of an unprincipled and mercenary global industry which takes public money to manufacture products and provide services which cannot be described as socially useful. They are part of a global industry which causes toxic chemical and radioactive contamination of the environment, which depletes non-renewable resources at an alarming rate, which directs human endeavour and knowledge into finding new ways to main, mutilate and kill ... plus, of course, the obvious harm caused by an industry which produces military hardware and software, weapons, riot control and other 'crowd control' equipment for repressive military, paramilitary and police activities; and provides private security forces for an assortment of government, government agency and multi-national company installations around the world.

Global military expenditure last year totalled an average $(US)2,175,342,500 every day. The proportion of that spending which went to the NZ 'defence' industry may be miniscule in comparison to the amount which went to some overseas companies - but any involvement is involvement, regardless of the scale. NZ 'defence' industry companies are among those who profit from bloodshed and war.

Companies Sponsoring the 2003 NZDIA Seminar

  • Tenix was the key sponsor of this year's seminar. Tenix is Australia's largest 'locally owned' defence and technology contractor. In 1993 they expanded their operations to NZ as Tenix Shipbuilding NZ and established a purpose built facility in Whangarei to manufacture ten hull and superstructure modules for the ANZAC frigates. The NZ navy frigates Te Kaha and Te Mana are ANZAC frigates. Tenix Shipbuilding is an NZDIA member.

    Since 1993, Tenix has expanded its presence here with various divisions including Tenix Datagate and Tenix Solutions (formerly LMT New Zealand Limited) which provides parking infringement services to the Wellington City Council.

    Tenix Pty Ltd produces military vehicles including Light Armoured Vehicles, Armoured Personnel Carriers, the Heavy Barricade Remover, High Pressure Water Cannon, and the Police Internal Security Vehicle; and has produced more than 200 military and paramilitary specialist vessels including an assortment of Patrol Craft, and Fast Attack Craft. Their services include surface combatant ship systems installations and upgrades, and "they can bring together sensor and communications systems and weapons from different national suppliers and integrate them into a fully operational combat system."

    Tenix Defence has an Electronic Systems Division which specialises in total system solutions for command, control, communications and intelligence; surveillance and reconnaissance; electronic warfare; simulation and hydrography.

    Tenix Defence has a Land Division which provides design, manufacture, modification and repairs to all major in-service military vehicles in Australia. Their operation at Wingfield (South Australia) is described as "Australia's largest privately-operated military vehicle facility". Their operation at Bandiana, Victoria, provides logistic and garrison support services to Joint Logistics Command - including warehousing and heavy grade maintenance of artillery, guided weapons, armoured and non-armoured vehicles and other Army weapon systems.

    Tenix Defence is one of six companies short-listed to supply a multi-role warship, and offshore and inshore patrol vessels for the NZ navy's 'Project Protector'.

    Then there is the Tenix Defence Aerospace Division ... For more information see the Tenix web site.

  • Air Affairs (NZ) Ltd was a supporting sponsor of the 2003 NZDIA seminar, and is an NZDIA member. Air Affairs (NZ) states it is wholly New Zealand owned, while at the same time a member of the international Air Affairs group which currently seems to include Air Affairs (Australia) and Air Affairs (UK). Air Affairs (NZ) has been the principal provider of air and surface target services to the NZ Defence Force since 1984. They are the support and service providers in NZ for a number of overseas military contractors - for example, the US company EDO Combat Systems. EDO are suppliers of integrated front-line warfighting systems and components, remote sensors, information technology, support systems and services, and military antennas.

    Air Affairs (Australia) manufactures navy and air force targets under license to the Hayes Corporation (USA) for the Australian Defence Force and for export to New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, India, Sweden and the US.

    Air Affairs (UK) supplies training needs analysis (TNA) and related activities to the UK Ministry of Defence, the British air force, navy and army; and has recently been involved with training support for British Nuclear Fuels Limited.

  • Babcock New Zealand was a supporting sponsor of the 2003 NZDIA seminar, and is an NZDIA member. Babcock NZ has been managing the Devonport naval base in Auckland on a ten year contract since 1994. They describe themselves as: "New Zealand's largest integrated mechanical, electrical and electronic engineering facility, supplying products and services to a broad range of industries around the world" and as having "the necessary project management and technological capabilities to refit and support naval warships and auxiliaries." Babcock NZ provides "the total capability that keeps the fleet of the Royal New Zealand Navy at a high level of operational readiness."

    One of Babcock NZ's projects was to produce containerised support shelters for the army's Relocatable Field Surgery. They state their "task was to take a basic concept from the customer and turn it into fully operational support shelters which would integrate with the Army's other field hospital units." Alas it seems the "fully operational" bit was missing, the army is currently trying to sell the mobile hospital - purchased for $(NZ)12,000,000 - because "it has never been deployed in its entirety, has not been used outside NZ and the army does not have sufficient medical personnel to staff it. While it could be moved by air, sea, road or rail, it would need twelve to fifteen C-130 Hercules flights. Some of the containers also need careful handling because of their construction." In addition to the purchase price, it will have cost an additional $(NZ)10,000,000 in holding costs between its construction and its 'nominal life' expiry date of 2008. (Dominion Post, front page, 8 November 2003).

    Babcock NZ is a wholly owned subsidiary of Babcock International. Babcock International describe themselves as "a leading supplier of support services to the armed forces". In their 1999 'Review of Operations', they describe the fitting of a Tomahawk cruise missile system to a British frigate as one of their 'key achievements'.

    Babcock International manages Faslane which is the base for British Vanguard class nuclear powered submarines (each of which carries 48 independently-targeted 'Trident' nuclear warheads), nuclear powered hunter/killer submarines and mine-warfare vessels; nearby Coulport where the nuclear warheads are stored when the submarines are not on patrol; and Rossyth, the naval yard where the rotting radioactive hulks of out-of-service British nuclear submarines are moored because no-one knows what to do with them. Their ten year contract to manage Rossyth is worth 1.5 billion pounds sterling. In 2002 the British Ministry of Defence agreed a 5 year partnering contract, with an option to extend, with Babcock for the provision of support services at Faslane and Coulport which is worth 300 to 400 million pounds sterling. For more information see the Babcock International web site.

  • L3 Communications Integrated Systems was a supporting sponsor of the 2003 NZDIA seminar. L-3 Communications is headquartered in New York City, and is "a leading merchant supplier of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems and products, secure communications systems and products, avionics and ocean products, training devices and services, microwave components and telemetry, instrumentation, space and navigation products. Its customers include the Department of Defence, Department of Homeland Security, selected US Government intelligence agencies, and aerospace prime contractors".

    A sample of recent news headlines from L-3 includes: "L-3 Communications Awarded $63.2 Million in Orders by US Special Operations Command", 3 November 2003; "L-3 Randtron Antenna Systems Wins $65 Million Contract to Provide Next Generation Airborne Early Warning Radar Antenna For US Navy's E-2C Hawkeye", 17 October 2003; "L-3 Communications Awarded $48 Million Contract by the US Navy to Refurbish and Maintain P-3 Aircraft", 14 October 2003 ... all that in less than three weeks. For more information see the L-3 Communications web site.

  • Safe Air Limited was a supporting sponsor of the 2003 NZDIA seminar, and is an NZDIA member. Safe Air is "an aviation maintenance and manufacturing organisation specialising in the overhaul and repair of military and regional sized aircraft, and their components." It is owned by Air New Zealand and works closely with Air New Zealand Engineering Services. Seventy percent of their work comes from overseas customers. Safe Air is "approved and regularly audited by the JAA, FAA, NZCAA, Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF), Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and the Civil and Military Aeronautical Authorities of several other nations." They operate the Royal New Zealand Air Force depot level maintenance facility; and their staff include "many ex-military personnel familiar with all levels of maintenance on military aircraft."

    Safe Air are particularly infamous for their work refurbishing Indonesian war planes at the time Indonesia's occupation of East Timor ended in bloodshed and flames in 1999. They have been involved in a range of military contracts in the past for assorted air forces, primarily those of NZ and Australia, and have done some work for the Israeli air force. Safe Air "successfully teamed with Kaman Aerospace [manufacturers of the naval warfare SH-2G Seasprite helicopters] on the NZ and Australian naval helicopter programme." Safe Air are contractors for the ANZAC frigates. For more information see the Safe Air web site.

  • PAE (New Zealand) Limited was a supporting sponsor of the 2003 NZDIA seminar, and is an NZDIA member. PAE NZ was formed in 1991 as a joint venture between MWH New Zealand Limited and US based Pacific Architects and Engineers (PAE Inc).

    PAE NZ is a facilities management company which specialises in military contracts. They have had the facilities management contract at Trentham Military Camp since 1992 and at Burnham since 1994.

    Montgomery Watson Harza (NZ) is part of global Montgomery Watson Harza (MWH). MWH provides "industry-leading solutions to municipalities, government agencies, multinational companies, industrial concerns and military organizations worldwide." They have "proven expertise in a wide array of integrated solutions, including environmental engineering, power generation, facilities development, laboratory services, construction, multi-sector program management, asset management, financial services, IT consulting, government relations and applied science." For more information see the MWH web site.

    PAE NZ's parent company is PAE Inc whose customers include the "US government, the oil industry, and multi-national corporations". They describe their history as having "grown from designing bridges to installing offshore oil platforms to supplying entire labor forces to maintaining extensive military installations and bases. PAE applies its knowledge of people and engineering systems to every project, whether developing a country's infrastructure or analyzing the environmental impact of a proposed energy plant." Their contracts range from "the provision of a select service such as power production and distribution to the total maintenance of all US military bases throughout a particular country."

    They are a "leading supplier of leased equipment to multinational oil companies, host countries, and U.S. Government agencies." Equipment available ranges from helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft to cranes and heavy earth- moving equipment.

    PAE Inc has operated in, or currently operates in, the US, Sierra Leone, NZ, Afghanistan, East Timor, D.R. Congo, Singapore, Honduras, Indonesia, Germany, Canada, Russia, Bosnia, Korea, Sudan and Japan. For more information see the PAE Inc web site.

    Companies which are NZDIA Members

    As if the sponsors weren't bad enough, below is a sample of NZDIA members, for the full list see NZDIA members.

  • Flexisolutions Ltd - products include the 'Jungle Sweeper' Combat Grenade (which are "likely to be popular with anti-terrorism forces"), 40mm and other Practice Rifle Grenades, and a new simulated artillery grenade ("allowing troops to practise under conditions that simulate heavy fire"). All from the garage of backyard bombmaker Bill Sharplin, former life insurance salesman, and apparently tested on Foxton Beach. Supplier to the NZ and Australian armed forces, and currently looking to export to Nepal, Thailand and the US.

  • Marine Air Systems - manufacture weapons firing control systems, communication systems for mortar and artillery batteries, remote detonation systems, devices for remote initiation of explosives and pyrotechnics for battlefield 'inoculation' exercises, and armed forces command and control systems. Their products include the Vanguard artillery computer, the Morfire hand held IBM compatible battlefield computer which "puts the future of the mortar into the palm of your hand"; the Bullseye aerial bombing scoring system; the Swordfish system for the demolition of underwater obstacles and targets in shallow waters; MAS Burst Radio modems for military HF, VHF, and UHF radios to connect battlefield computer systems; and more. Their products have been sold and are in operational use "around the world". They have "successfully developed highly classified, trusted, remote control systems for the UK Ministry of Defence"; and have been involved with the NZ air force P3 Orion Project and the ANZAC frigates. Marine Air Systems is part of the British based Hall and Watts Defence Group.

  • Oscmar International Ltd - 'realistic' shoot-to-kill laser training equipment, infantry weapons effects simulators, and shoulder launched anti-tank weapon simulators - "a world leader in the field of Realistic Combat Simulation" ... "providing realistic Force on Force Combat Simulation". They have exported more than 60,000 simulators to 15 countries; including Australia, Thailand, Denmark, India, and France. There have been reports that Oscmar have sold more than 9,000 simulator sets to the Indonesian armed forces. The NZ Herald reported on 15 July 1999 that "NZ made military simulator gear was sold last year to Turkey" ...

    Last year, in an intriguing article headlined 'Public anguish has stopped Auckland's peaceful landmark Mt Eden being used as a test zone for hi-tech military equipment', the Central Leader reported that Oscmar mounted an antitank 109mm gun for field trials, "on Maungawhau's summit last week pointing directly at the Sky Tower and city business district." In explanation of their threatening activities, Michael Stanbridge [Oscmar founder] said "the apparatus "is not a gun" and any shooting mechanism was "disabled" before it was stationed on top of the extinct volcano. Mr Stanbridge says Mt Eden was used because its significant height above sea level makes it easier to tune global positioning satellite equipment into satellites orbiting in Oceania's hemisphere" and "In the future we'll conduct our experiments on defence ranges".

    Auckland folks better watch out because apparently military training exercises are permitted in your parks (perhaps they are all over the country!) ... "The Central Leader can confirm that Oscmar did not obtain Auckland City Council's permission to use Maungawhau public land. Oscmar was working on a tight operational deadline and got verbal approval from police by referring to the Arms Act. Under Auckland City's district plan, "temporary military training activities, involving military personnel and transport" are permitted in public reserves. It says nothing about private companies producing for the defence industry." (Central Leader, 15 May 2002)

    Initially a NZ owned and operated company, Oscmar International was acquired by the Cubic Corporation (based in California) in 2000. Cubic includes the Cubic Defence Applications group which "provides a broad spectrum of world-class integrated systems, electronic products and high-caliber services supporting the training and operational readiness of U.S. armed forces and allied militaries ... We provide the complete spectrum of training that warfighters need to survive on today's battlefield. This includes live combat training systems, mission support, doctrine and leader development, simulation development and technical support." Their slogan is: 'Helping Our Forces Fight, Win and Return'. They are "exploring new opportunities in the area of Homeland Security." For more information see the Cubic web site.

  • Ordnance Development Limited - manufactures special purpose ammunition, training ammunition, and Anti Material ammunition for military and security forces. Little is known about this secretive company, although they have been named as the Oceania distributors of Magtech Brazil ammunition. Magtech is the arsenal for the Brazilian armed forces, and supplies a range of ammunition to 'several military forces worldwide" including tracer, armour piercing and incendiary bullets and shells.

    Ordnance Development was named as an exciting export growth company in a recent Microsoft Search for New Zealand's Most Exciting Companies: "Ordnance Development's turnover is up 30% on two years ago and its blank ammunition is being exported to Australia and the United Arab Emirates" ... "The 30-year-old company invested 18 months ago in a plant upgrade that will better position it for export sales. Its capacity has increased from eight million to 13 million rounds a year. The company is investigating further export opportunities, this time to Asian markets." (National Business Review, 26 September 2003). Ordnance Development also has 'current business' in Australia, Britain, Canada and the US.

  • Pacific Aerospace Corporation Ltd - manufactures aircraft including the Airtrainer basic military training aircraft, which is used by the RNZAF and other air forces. Pacific Aerospace has built 50 CT4 airtrainers for the Australian air force, and 46 for Thailand's air force in the past - and in 2000 was chasing a contract to supply up to fifty CT4 air trainers to the Israeli air force. It makes components for the F18 warplane; and has produced components for the ANZAC frigates and US Marine amphibious armoured personnel carriers.

  • Serco Project Engineering Ltd - is a joint venture formed from Projeng Pty Ltd and Serco Group NZ Ltd. Serco's activities include maintaining the Waiouru Army Museum, Navy Irirangi communication station, and the RNZAF Ohakea base; and providing all services that are not considered a "core military activity" to the Army Training Group, Waiouru. This includes hospitality and catering, firing range management, ammunition and weapons storage, facilities and grounds maintenance, supply, security and transport services for the Army Training Group, and for visiting overseas military forces.

    Serco NZ is part of Serco Group Plc which provides task management, operational and logistical support service to the British Ministry of Defence, to NATO armed forces, to the US Department of Defence, the Canadian Department of National Defence, and the Australian Department of Defence.

    Serco Group (or RCA Services Ltd as it was known then) provided most of the work force for the construction of Fylingdales, and has been the only contractor to have operated and maintained the facility. Fylingdales is the British Ballistic Early Warning Missile Site which operates under the US 'Masterplan for tactical warning and attack' the aims of which include "to enhance the warfighting effectiveness of the strategic nuclear forces". Fylingdales is being upgraded to be used as part of the US Ballistic Missile Defence system.

    Serco Group provides the British navy with a wide range of services including the supply of ammunition to British warships, and support for submarine exercises in the Firth of Clyde - an area infamous for the mysterious disappearance of fishing trawlers over the years, generally believed to have been caused by submarines becoming entangled in their nets and dragging the trawlers and their crews down to the seabed.

    Serco Group, together with British Nuclear Fuels Ltd and Lockheed Martin are Atomic Weapons Establishment Management Ltd. They manage Britain's nuclear weapons establishments including AWE Aldermaston and AWE Burghfield - which design, test, manufacture and 'refurbish' nuclear warheads. For more information see the Serco Group web site.

    Tait Electronics

    Tait Electronics is an example of an NZ company which is not listed as an NZDIA member, but is clearly involved in the 'defence' industry. It was established in Christchurch in 1969 and is a privately owned company with wholly-owned subsidiaries in Britain, USA, Singapore and Australia. Tait has offices in 13 countries, and exports to more than 80 countries. Their aim is "supplying and servicing our customers with world class radio communications equipment and systems", which includes communications encryption devices.

    Their customers range from "small private businesses to large multinational corporations, government agencies, emergency services, network service providers and specialist communications agencies." Their multinational customers have included an unnamed "major international oil company [which] has a network of oil wells and a large processing plant deep in the Colombian jungle, together with a pipeline to the coast"; presumably BP who are named elsewhere as one of Tait’s 'significant customers', and who have a network of oil wells etc in Colombia. Tait supplied the radio communications for the Porgera gold mine (75% owned by Placer Dome, Canada) and the Lihir open pit gold mine (owned by Lihir Gold Ltd, Papua New Guinea, which is part owned by Rio Tinto Plc, Britain) - both in Papua New Guinea.

    Their current customers include the Australian Department of Defence, Singapore Prison Service, and the California Highway Patrol (The Press, 03 October 2003). Their Australian DoD "multi-million dollar contract" is to provide and install the communications system for the Standard Training Area Range Safety network at 24 military training ranges around Australia, and local service and maintenance support for five years. This includes the installation of Tait base stations using their Quasi Synchronous Simulcast System, which provides inter-operability between commercial and combat net military equipment, at each site.

    Attendees at the 2002 NZDIA Seminar

    To give you an idea of the kind of people who are attracted to the NZDIA seminars, last year's attendees included representatives from the following companies, or their subsidiaries:

  • Boeing - their product range is too large too outline here. It can be loosely described as including lots of offensive things which fly through the air - warplanes, including F18s and B52 bombers; weapons and missiles including an assortment of Cruise Missiles (different versions are armed with conventional or nuclear warheads), the Joint Direct Attack Munition (a kit to 'guide' a munition similar to the Massive Ordnance Air Burst, MOAB, but smaller), and Stand-Off Land Attack Missiles. Boeing are into airborne laser systems, Missile Defence, Homeland Security ... just two days ago they announced they had successfully tested a "Pocket-size Missile Defence Systems Thruster", 'a new rocket thruster, just eight inches in length', they proclaimed.

  • Hyundai Heavy Industries - contracted to build submarines for the South Korean navy; Hyundai manufacture a variety of warships including destroyers, frigates and mine-layers.

  • Kaman Aerospace - manufacturers of the NZ navy Seasprite helicopters, they have "developed relationships of trust with international governments around the world as well as with corporations such as Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, Northrop Grumman, and General Electric". Not something to be particularly proud of one would have thought, being as those four are among the very worst weapons manufacturers.

  • Northrop Grumman - which includes amongst other divisions, Northrop Grumman Newport News - the sole designer, builder, and refueler of US nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, and one of the two US companies capable of designing and building nuclear-powered submarines. Newport News built 25 of the US navy's attack submarines, and 10 out of the 12 US aircraft carriers currently operational.

  • Raytheon - "Aspiring to be the most admired defense and aerospace systems supplier through world-class people and technology". As with Boeing, their product range is too large to easily describe; offensive airborne weapons and weapons systems including the GBU-28 'Bunker Buster' bomb and the Tomahawk Cruise Missile are among their products. They are actively involved in Missile Defence and are currently developing the SM-3 Lightweight Exo-Atmospheric Projectile (LEAP) Kinetic Warhead among other things.

  • Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation - military helicopters including the 'Black Hawk' series.

  • Thales Underwater Systems - supply sonar and various other military systems; earlier this year they were pleased to announce they had been awarded the contract to supply an integrated sonar system for 'Le Terrible', France's new SSBN (that's a nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine) ...

    The above is a sample of some of the activities of some of the companies which profit from bloodshed and war. Much of the information came from the publicity material of the companies involved - one obscene aspect of weapons manufacturers and military contractors, aside from the obvious, is the pride they take in their 'achievements'. Other sources of information include previous NO WARP! publications, National Business Review, NZ Herald, Dominion Post, Trade NZ, NZ Trade and Enterprise, Janes, Forbes, Arms Trade Resource Centre and SIPRI.

    November 2003

    'Profiting from bloodshed and war: the ‘defence' industry and the companies involved' is available as a printed booklet from NO WARP! (Network Opposed to Weapons And Related Production).

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