Rape of Indonesian Chinese Women


Dear Sir/Madam,


As an Indonesian ethnic Chinese, I am writing on behalf of my people. In the May 13-15 riots in Jakarta, Indonesia, there were mass rapes of ethnic Chinese women who range in age from 10 to 55. Until now, there are no actions from government to guarantee that such tragedy would not happen again in the future, as the military chief said there was no proof that ethnic Chinese women were raped in riots that hit Jakarta in May. Nobody has been arrested for this case.

However, there are some indications that some unknown military personnels got involved in the mass rapes, as the victims and witnesses saw them joining the rapes.

Father Sandyawan, who is helping the victims and investigating the case, received a hand-grenade in a mail, as a threat to stop him from doing so.

Now, they are spreading videos and photographs of the rapes to the public. It seems that they want to show that they could do such thing again. So, Indonesian ethnic Chinese women are still in danger now.

I would say no more about this as the news would tell the hidden truth to you.

Please help Indonesian ethnic Chinese, especially the women, by doing some international actions significant enough to help us. Please do this as soon as possible, as there are no guarantee that we would not be the next victims in the next riots, as there is a national poverty due to the monetary crisis in Indonesia.

Thank you very much for your big help. May God touch your heart in deciding to help us, Indonesian ethnic Chinese, especially the women.



An Indonesian ethnic Chinese

NB: Please excuse my anonymity as I myself am too frightened to expose my identity. Thank you very much for your understanding.



Accounts of Gang Rape of Chinese Women Emerge from Jakarta Riots

Andreas Harsono American Reporter Correspondent Jakarta, Indonesia (06/13/98)


JAKARTA -- Gruesome tales of brutal sexual and racist violence in Indonesia have slowly begun to emerge here as social workers and human rights advocates learn more of an organized campaign of assaults, gang rapes and killings of ethnic Chinese women during three days of rioting in Jakarta last month.

Indonesian media only reported the violence -- initially only rumored on the Internet and among the small Chinese community in Jakarta -- after scores of social workers, feminists and Chinese figures had announced the setting up of a crisis center to help the victims.

"Tell me, what kind of human beings are evil enough to rape a 12-year-old girl in front of her helpless parents?" asked Ita F. Nadia, the chairwoman of Kalyanamitra, a women's group which opened a telephone hotline for the victims. "They're incredibly cruel and brutal," said Nadia.

The establishment of the center, named the Solidaritas Nusa Bangsa or the Solidarity of the Nation State, was announced in a meeting on June 5 in Jakarta, during which Catholic priest Sandyawan Sumardi estimated that dozens of Chinese women had died or committed suicide because of the violence on May 14-16.

Sandyawan, who is known because of his work among Jakarta's underclass and has organized an investigation into the attack, said that the anti-Chinese attack had shown a pattern of similarities and usually involved "well-built men with [a] crew-cut hairstyle." The unidentified men generally began the violence by coming to a street in a truck or a bus and attacking only one house on the street. They encouraged other people in the area to join them in attacking the other Chinese-owned houses in the vicinity and then looting their contents.

Although Sandyawan did not pinpoint any group, his statement is widely intrepretated here to refer to military men. Rumors circulated widely here that some high-ranking army officers were involved in the riots which targeted the Chinese -- the equivalent of here of Jews in Hitler's Germany.

"They always threatened their victims not to talk to the media. They said they could easily recognize those who speak up as they only attack one house on every street," said Sandyawan, adding that the provocateurs also gang-raped Chinese women before leaving the street.

"We don't know how many have been molested or forced to strip naked. They obviously want to terrorize the Chinese and especially the women," she said. Both Kolibonso and Nadia, who give legal and psychological counseling to the victims, refused to provide their names to the media, saying that the victims are extremely traumatized and that publication of their names might endanger their lives.

The sudden resignation of Indonesian strongman Suharto on May 21 apparently overshadowed coverage of the brutal violence, as did the student movement which helped forced Suharto to step down.

But rumors about the gang rapes started to emerge on the Net after the riots, which saw more than 100 supermalls and thousands of shops and houses burned to the ground. Jakarta hospitals recorded more than 1,100 deaths during the riots, mostly of looters or residents trapped in burning buildings and homes. The riots are widely thought to be the worst in Jakarta's modern history.

Slowly and painfully, Kolibonso, Nadia and Sandyawan have compiled accounts like the following from interviews with victims and witnesses:

A female Chinese student was abducted at a bus stop, taken to a swamp near the airport and raped by four men in a car. There was a green uniform in the car and she asked her abductors if they were officers.

"If you are police, you have to save me," she told them. One of them answered, "No, I have to give you a lesson. You are a woman and you are beautiful and you are part of the Chinese." One young woman had a lucky escape after her taxi was stopped by a mob in the middle of the night on May 14. She was forced out of her taxi and forcibly stripped in front of the crowd. "Then a man pushed through the crowd, pulled me out and gave me a Muslim clothes to wear," the woman recalled.

In the midst of the riot, a group of men stopped a city bus and forced out all the non-Chinese women. "Then they chose the beautiful women among the Chinese and raped them inside the bus," Sandyawan said. "The victims of that incident are really depressive. They are in the hospital with their families. They are trying to hide themselves from the public."

A 10-year-old girl returning from school discovered that the shop and house where her family lived and worked had been burned. As she went in search of her parents, she was seized by two men and raped in front of her neighbors.

A man told the Indonesian Human Rights Commission about how his wife's attackers had mutilated her genitals with a razor blade after first raping her. He also said about a friend's wife drank pesticide and committed suicide a few days after being raped.

One woman, a bank officer, told the Kompas newspaper that she was seized from the back of a motorcycle in the middle of rioters and thrown to the ground by a group of men. The mob beat her boyfriend, who could only asked for mercy. The Chinese girl was so hysterical and so panicked that she does not remember what happened. When she regained her consciousness, she said, she saw many bruises on her body, especially on her legs.

In an incident of public humiliation, a group of about 15 men entered a bank where 10 ethnic Chinese employees were taking refuge from the riot. The men locked the door, made the women take off their clothes and ordered them to dance.

In another incident of harassment during the riot in Jakarta, a number of ethnic Chinese women were reportedly stripped and made to swim in a filthy pond. Nadia told of an ethnic Chinese woman who hid in her house with her two younger sisters as the rioters approached.About 10 men came into the house and found the sisters on the third floor. They made the two younger women take off their clothes and told the older sister to stand in a corner, "because you are too old for us."

Meanwhile, arsonists entered the lower floors and set fire to the building. "After they had raped her two sisters, the twomen said to her, 'We are finished and we are satisfied and because you are too old and ugly we weren't interested in you.' So they took her two sisters and pushed them to the ground floor where there was already fire, and they were killed.

"When her mother heard the news, she had a heart attack and died," Nadia said. "So now this woman is in a psychiatric hospital. Sometimes she cries when she tells the story and sometimes she is normal again. That is one of the stories we have confirmed."

In an effort to respond to the horror of these stories, which have shocked many Indonesians, President B.J. Habibie on June 11 ordered the armed forces to investigate "organized crimes" that helped provoke the riots. Indonesian police have asked victims to report such cases. But so far, not a single victim has done so, apparently fearing that to do so will do more harm than good. A police spokesman said police cannot do much without a report to investigate.

In another case, the English-language Jakarta Post newspaper reported that Chinese in the Ciledug area in southern Jakarta had cleaned up a painted 'BMC' sign left by a unidentified person on one home's front fence. "I don't know anything about the sign but my neighbors told me to quickly remove it because the letters stand for Basmi Milik Cina (Destroy the Chinese Property)," said a Chinese man.

Data from the Coordinating Body for National Unity (Bakom-PKB), a government- controlled Chinese association, reveals that 1,286 Chinese-Indonesians have reported to the organization that they were victims of the riots.

Chairwoman Rosita Noor, saying some of the helpless victims were raped and molested by the mobs, asked the Indonesian military to give security guarantees to Chinese Indonesians.  


Indonesia military says no proof of riot rapes

By Amy Chew


JAKARTA, June 29 (Reuters) - Indonesia's military chief said on Monday there was no proof ethnic Chinese women were raped in riots that hit Jakarta in May, but womens' groups said there had been scores of cases and not enough was being done to catch the perpetrators.  

``Where is the proof?'' armed forces chief General Wiranto asked at a news conference. ``We carried out investigations in 20 hospitals in Jakarta from May 13 to 16. We were given a full report by the hospitals...but there were no reports of rapes.'' He said the military had worked closely with members of the public to investigate the issue and had visited the homes of suspected rape victims.

``When we went to the homes, the alleged victims denied reports or suggestions that they had filed rape reports,'' he said. Wiranto said the military would continue its investigations and would work closely with independent groups to resolve the issue. Several womens' groups and non-governmental organisations have said more than 100 women were raped during the riots that ravaged Jakarta on May 13 and 14. The riots claimed 1,188 lives, according to estimates by human rights groups, and added to the pressure which toppled former president Suharto on May 21. To date, the police have not arrested a single person in connection with the alleged rapes.

``The police and military have not taken sufficient steps to catch the perpetrators of the rapes,'' said Nursyahbani Katjasungkana, director of the Legal Aid Foundation Foundation For Justice For Indonesian Women. Police spokesman Lieutenant Edward Artonnang told Reuters that no direct reports of rapes had been received.

``It is very difficult to catch anyone because we have not received any reports from (alleged) rape victims,'' he said. The traumatised rape victims have mostly remained silent because of shame and fear of retaliation, activists said previously. But Nusyahbani said police should interview those who had witnessed the attacks.

``Some of these rapes took place in the open, witnessed by many people. Some of them took place at home, in front of the victims' families. You can ask their mother, father, members of the family,'' she said. If the government did not take more concrete action, similar events could happen again, she said, ``because those who are responsible will think they can get away with it.''


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